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French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their sixth camp to their option to White Plains.

French forces under General Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, camped right here from June 20 through June 24, 1781, their sixth camp to their option to White Plains.

After the camp in Bolton, the stop that is next of forces to their option to White Plains was at East Hartford, where in fact the troops enjoyed a couple of days of remainder. The Bourbonnais occupied the campsite close to the Connecticut River from June 22 through June 24; the Saintonge utilized your website from June 25 through 27. The Royal Deux-Ponts camped beside them from June 23 through June 25, even though the Soissonnois camped over the road from Bolton from June 24 to June 26 on today’s Silver Lane.

Grenadier, Soissonnois Regiment of InfantryCourtesy Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University, Providence, RI

Joseph O. Goodwin states that “Rochambeau had been quartered at Squire Eliza Pitkin’s house in the south-west part of Main and Pitkin Streets in East Hartford (relocated in 1953 to 173 tall Woods Drive in Guilford), perhaps perhaps not not even close to the meeting that is old, that was utilized as being a medical center throughout the sojourn associated with the military. … Other French officers remained at both personal and general public homes,” such as for instance Richard Pitkin’s Tavern (there clearly was a indication on the Green during the intersection of Parker Street and Porter Street in Manchester, erected 1973) “and tales of this dances, barbecues, and cattle roasts had been told locally for quite some time. The Abbé Robin, a Catholic priest because of the French military, stated that in this encampment he stated the very first Catholic Mass when you look at the State of Connecticut, which may have now been almost certainly on Sunday, June 24, 1781.

After being saved in your house of James S. Forbes on 135 Forbes Street in East Hartford, kegs of silver had been exposed in the French encampment to cover soldiers and officers, presumably offering the title of “‘Silver Lane’ to that particular locality.” These lines show how local lore had combined with history because of the full time Goodwin had written their reputation for East Hartford in 1879. The sign at 201 Silver Lane and Elizabeth Shea Park in East Hartford, commemorating “the officers || and men associated with French Army … who camped near this spot in 1781,” identifies Camp 6 for the Regiment Soissonnois just; one other three regiments camped nearer the river as suggested in modern maps. Silver Lane, in accordance with Hughes and Allen’s research of Connecticut Put Names, may well have obtained its title from a silversmith whom resided there very nearly two decades ahead of the very first French troops marched down that road. That doesn’t mean, nevertheless, that Rochambeau’s troops are not compensated whilst in Hartford with cash kept in Mr. Forbes’ home. Rochambeau carted considerable amounts of money with him: Admiral Barras had caused 1.2 million livres in silver with him, element of an overall total of 6.6 million distributed around Rochambeau, as he arrived ashore in Boston may 6, 1781. French troops had been compensated on time, therefore punctually, in reality, that Sturgill states that “to my knowledge the Crown failed to miss spending an individual device or officer on time throughout the eighteenth century.” The troops had been so used to getting compensated that perhaps perhaps perhaps not just one main supply mentions this, or every other, payday! French troops had been paid month-to-month ahead of time; they certainly were quartered in Hartford between June 22 and June 27, and because these were for a march, it really is quite possible which they had been paid prior to when typical.

The journals have actually interestingly little to state about Hartford where basic headquarters had been situated: “a big city, split in 2 by the river this is certainly named following the province. It really is very well constructed with some pretty homes, however the roads aren’t paved,”… “quite a place that is considerable with a river of the identical title,”… “the money of this province of Connecticut, can be found regarding the west bank regarding the river of this name … big, well-built, with an excellent state home plus some extremely wealthy inhabitants”, are typical reviews. The comte de LauberdiГЁre described Hartford as a city of “three to four hundred homes, the streets aren’t paved, they truly are quite wide, the Court home (sic. The State that is present House built just in 1796; the French troops saw an early on edifice) where in fact the basic construction regarding the state suits is really big and gorgeous. … The province of Connecticut abounds with pasturage; the pets listed here are of the most useful beauty. Additionally they develop wheat right here of that they ship the flour towards the Antilles.”

32. Camp Г  East-hartford, le 22 Juin, 12 1/2 kilometers de Bolton, le 23 and 24 SГ©jour; undated; Louis-Alexandre Berthier Collection, Portfolio IX, Packet 21-6; Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Reproduced with authorization of Princeton University Library

There was a plaque to commemorate the French medical center of 1781-82 on principal Street during the north-west part of principal Street and Pitkin Avenue in East Hartford, that has been erected in 1902.

A word on Money and funds

The soldier regarding the ancien rГ©gime every where was notoriously underpaid. Whenever salaries when it comes to troops had been increased by 50 % for the expГ©dition particuliГЁre, a fusilier received 9 sols 6 deniers per time or 14 livres 5 sols per month/171 livres per year. (For administrative purposes the French military counted each month as having thirty days.) The grenadier that is better-paid 11 sols a day, 16 1/2 livres every month or 198 livres each year, as did a hussar. A sergeant-major, the highest-paid NCO, had 486 livres per year. Before departure, the ranking and file received a month pay that is 18 livres through the masse gГ©nГ©rale to equip themselves; another 18 livres through the masse had been distributed upon arrival in Newport. (All efforts into the masse gГ©nГ©rale, increased from 36 livres for the French infantry and 72 livres when it comes to international infantry to 48 and 84 livres to account fully for the anticipated high expenses associated with United states campaign, had been payday loans in Kansas included in the top.) Nonetheless they additionally had stoppages obtained from their pay. The ordonnance of 20 March 1780, set meals expenses at 2 sols for bread and 1 sol 6 d for beef a day. This designed a food that is monthly for every single NCO and enlisted guy of

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